Chapter 1 review: The American People

Explain why E Pluribus Unum is a good motto for the U.S.

Explain how the U.S. is a diverse country

Analyze how immigration contributes to the country’s diversity

Explain the importance of the Pledge of Allegiance

 Vocabulary: Culture, ideals, ethnic group, census, immigrants

Think about: what are some facts about the U.S. today that explain the words “out of many, one”?

 What are some of the different places where people in the U.S. live?

 Read graphs: pie/circle graph and bar/line graph

 Ellis Island and Angel Island: where are they and what purpose did they serve?

 REREAD LESSON 1. Review all red review questions and chapter 1 review questions. 

Singular and Plural Possessive Nouns

Reference pages: Exercises in English pp 6 and 7

Possessive words show ownership.  The apostrophe (‘) is the sign that is used to show possessive nouns.

There are three important rules to help you make nouns possessive.
Rule 1.  Every single singular noun gets an ‘s:  referee’s whistle (the whistle of the referee)

Rule 2.  Every plural noun that ends in s, get just an apostrophe: the babies’ cries (the cries of the babies). Babies is the plural form of baby

Rule 3.  Every plural noun that does not end in s, gets  an ‘s (just like rule 1):  the women’s  shoes (the shoes of the women). Women is the plural form of woman. It does not end in s.

Chapter 1: God’s Plan for all Creation- Study Guide

 Divine Revelation is the way God makes himself and his plan for humans, known to us.

  • People are made in the image and likeness of God.
  • God’s loving care for all things and His plan for creation is providence.
  • Stewardship is the way we appreciate and use God’s gifts including our time talent, and treasure, and the resources of creation.
  • Humans are God’s magnificent creation.
  • Sacred Scripture is another name for the Bible.
  • God’s Word to the Church, passed down through generations from the Apostles, is known as Sacred Tradition.
  • Gifts creation used in the Sacraments include water, wheat, and grapes.
  • Water is used in Baptism; wheat is used to make the Communion Host; grapes are used to make the wine used in the Eucharist.
  • God makes his power present in the Sacraments through created things such as peoples and nature.
  • Who is St. Hildegard and what did she do?

The Four Types of Sentences

There are four types of sentences in English: simple, compound, complex, and compound complex.

They are both similar and different.

Similarities: every type of sentence has a subject and a predicate and a complete thought.

Simple Sentence: subject (can have more than one), predicate (can have more than one), and one complete thought.

Ex. I have a dog.  My family and I have a dog. My family and I run and play with the dog.

Compound sentence: two simple sentences joined together with a coordinating conjunction (FANBOYS). ****Remember to put a comma before the conjunction!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Ex. I have a dog, and I have a rat.  I love my dog, but I dislike my rat.

Complex Sentence: Note: I am now going to use the term clause instead of sentence (but you and I both know it’s the same thing, don’t we?)-that’s a tag question and that’s why there’s a comma before don’t we-

A complex sentence has one dependent clause (aka subordinate clause, fragment, incomplete sentence) and one independent clause (aka main clause, complete  clause, simple sentence. Different titles for the same thing.

All dependent clauses begin with subordinate conjunctions. These are signals words: after, while, because, since, though….there are many.

Like all clauses, a dependent clause has a subject and predicate, but NOT a complete thought. It needs the rest of the sentence to make sense.

Ex: Since I dislike my rat (This is a dependent clause: it has a subject and a predicate but does not make sense by itself.)

Ex: Since I dislike my rat, it is jealous of my dog. (Does it make sense now?) Dependent clauses that begin a sentence MUST HAVE A COMMA after it.

Ex. Because it is raining, the children will not go outside.

If the independent clause begins the sentence, NO COMMA….except when using the subordinating conjunction “while”.

Ex. The children will not go outside because it is raining.


Social Studies Chapter 5: Quick Summaries
Chapter 5 Lesson 1: Hard Times in Virginia

Quick Summaries

The Lost Colony of Roanoke

Neither of two attempts by the English to establish a colony on Roanoke Island was successful.

The Battle of the Spanish Armada

England became one of the world’s most powerful nations after defeating Spain in the Battle of the Spanish Armada.

The Jamestown Colony

The Virginia Company of London raised money to establish Jamestown, a new colony in Virginia. It was not successful.

John Smith and the “Starving Times”

Without John Smith’s leadership the Jamestown colony suffered.

Tobacco Helps Jamestown Grow

Tobacco was a cash crop in Virginia. Thousands of indentured servants arrived in Jamestown to work on the farms.

Self-Government in Virginia

The Virginia House of Burgesses helped to establish the tradition of self-government in the English colonies.

 Chapter 5, Lesson 2: New European Colonies

Quick Summary

French and Dutch Settlements

While looking for a Northwest Passage, the French founded New France and the Dutch founded New Netherlands.

 New Amsterdam Grows

The Dutch encouraged people from many countries to settle in New Amsterdam and other parts of New Netherlands.

Chapter 5, Lesson 3: The First Colonies

Quick Summaries

 The Pilgrims

The Separatist, later known as the Pilgrims, left England under the leadership of William Bradford to start a settlement where they could worship as they pleased.

The Mayflower

The Pilgrims landed at Plymouth with a plan of government, the Mayflower Compact, already written. They suffered tremendous hardships during their first winter.

A Thanksgiving Celebration

The Pilgrims and the Wampanoag celebrated after the Pilgrims’ first harvest.

The Puritans Arrive

The Puritans left England in 1630 and established the Massachusetts Bay Colony in North America.

The Puritan Way of Life

The Puritan way of life included religious services town meeting, family ownership of homes and farms, and education.

Here is a list of the 34 prepositions which are required to memorize:
about, above across, after, around, against, among, at, as, before, beside, between, by, down, during, except, for, form, in, into, near, of, off, on, over, through, throughout, to, toward, under, up, with, within, without

Study Guide for Chapter 1 Religion Assessment

  • Sacraments remind us of God’s creative power and help us to celebrate the presence of Jesus.
  • Creed, Sacraments, and other teachings are part of Sacred Tradition which has been handed down verbally to each generation of the Church.
  • We are created in God’s image and likeness; human beings are the crown of God’s creation.
  • Providence is God’s loving care for all creatures of creation.
  • We help the world to praise God and show His goodness when we care for all creation.
  • Saint Hildegard of Bingenstudied and wrote about the wonderful gift of God’s creation whileshe served as an abbess.
  • God can truly create something from nothing
  • One important step in becoming a successful steward of creation is to ask ourselves, “How will my plan help?”
  • When we involve ourselves in stewardship in our neighborhoods, we can see the result of our commitment to stewardship projects.

Additional information:

How did St. Hildegard show her respect and love for God’s creation?

Why did Jesus use natural things, such as water, oil, and wheat to leave us Sacrament as signs of His presence?

How can you be a good steward of creation? Be SPECIFIC

What is Divine Revelation?

Tell about an experience you had in nature that made you grateful and happy for God’s creation